GSA Annual Meeting in Phoenix, Arizona, USA - 2019

Paper No. 199-13
Presentation Time: 9:00 AM-6:30 PM


DICKSON, Hannah1, STOWELL, Harold H.1, BOLLEN, Elizabeth M.1, SCHWARTZ, Joshua J.2, KLEPEIS, Keith A.3 and MIRANDA, Elena A.4, (1)Geological Sciences, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, (2)Department of Geological Sciences, California State University, Northridge, 18111 Nordhoff Street, Northridge, CA 91330, (3)Department of Geology, University of Vermont, Trinity Campus, Delehanty Hall, 180 Colchester Ave, Burlington, VT 05405, (4)Department of Geological Sciences, California State University Northridge, 18111 Nordhoff St., Northridge, CA 91330

Fiordland, New Zealand is composed of middle and lower crustal rocks of a Cretaceous magmatic arc and its Paleozoic cover sequence, making it an excellent place to study processes related to the arc’s thermal and structural architecture. The Anita Shear Zone (ASZ) is a 4 - 5 km wide and 30 km long zone of intensely deformed amphibolite- facies rocks, which runs subparallel to the Alpine Fault and separates the Western Fiordland Orthogneiss (WFO) and Arthur River Complex (ARC) from rocks of the Tuhua Sequence to the west. The ASZ contains evidence for two amphibolite facies mylonitic deformation events, D2and D3. D2 peak metamorphic conditions were 11.9±1.1 kbar and 580±35°C, and peak metamorphic conditions during D3 were 8.7±1.2 kbar and 590± 40°C. Garnet Sm-Nd ages from the ASZ, Pembroke Granulite, and ARC record the thermal history in northern Fiordland.

We present preliminary P, T, and age data from the ASZ along Milford Sound in order to determine if garnet growth in the ASZ reflects young (<110 Ma) garnet ages in adjacent rocks. Preliminary P-T results indicate garnet core growth was at 9.2 – 10.1 kbar and ca. 850 °C (Grt-Bt-Hbl-Plag) and garnet rim equilibration was at similar pressures and temperatures ca. 775 °C (pseudosection), followed by a final T of <700 °C (pseudosection) for matrix equilibration. Garnet Sm-Nd ages indicate isotopic equilibration at 100.8±5.7 Ma (5 pts., 2s, MSWD 2.9). Initial garnet growth in the Pembroke Granulite, which intruded older ARC rocks 8 km east of the ASZ, was at 126 - 123 Ma. This Pembroke garnet growth was synchronous with initial emplacement of the WFO to the south 125 – 115 Ma.

Garnet Sm- Nd results from south and east of the ASZ also record <110 Ma ages. Garnet from the ARC, 5 km east of the ASZ, is 69.8±5.6 Ma. The youngest garnet age recorded in Pembroke rocks is 108.9±5.6 Ma. In addition, garnet in the Mt Edgar Diorite 15 km south of Milford Sound grew ca. 102 Ma. Our preliminary ASZ garnet age of ca. 100 Ma could result from garnet growth or diffusional re-equilibration. High metamorphic temperatures and Mn zoning, which we infer to reflect diffusion, are compatible with diffusional re-equilibration of Sm and Nd until ca. 100 Ma or a late stage reheating event. We tentatively conclude that the northernmost Fiordland crust was ca. 850°C before ca. 110 Ma allowing REE diffusion in garnet.