ERODING NARRATIVES: APPLYING THE NARRATIVE POLICY FRAMEWORK TO A COASTAL EROSION NARRATIVE SHIFT
The NPF defines policy narratives as including a setting, characters, plot, and moral. The setting in this study is the United States Capitol in 1990 and 1999 and all accompanying legal parameters, evidence, economic conditions, and norms. The characters, as identified by Colten (2017), are members of the House Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries and members of the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works and guest lecturers at the hearings. The plot is what happened in the hearings, what was said among committee members and guest lecturers. These committees shaped policy that formed and reauthorized the moral of the narrative, the Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act (CWPPRA). Colten (2017) identifies a shift in the narrative between the House Committee meeting in 1990 and the Senate Committee meeting in 1999 from coastal erosion being caused by “levee building for ﬂood protection and navigation and the extensive canal networks excavated for mineral extraction” to “sediment starvation and ﬂood and storm protection [levees]” (705-6). The methods for this research are based on the methods of Smith-Walter et al. (2016).