HYDROGEOLOGY OF SPRINGS IN THE NORTHERN GREAT BASIN IN OREGON
In 2016, USGS began an evaluation of springs across 50,000 square kilometers of the Northern Great Basin in Oregon with the goal of providing a regional understanding of the hydrology of these poorly documented, but important features. The work focuses on understanding the physical hydrology of the spring systems, including geologic and topographic controls on the spring location, discharge volume, and to the extent possible, an understanding of the short- and long-term discharge variability. Field assessments include an on-site evaluation of the geology, documentation of the spring morphology and its geographic setting, measurement of basic field chemistry (temperature, specific conductivity, pH), a discharge measurement (if possible), a sample for the analysis of stable isotopes of water, and at selected sites, collection of water-chemistry samples to estimate the groundwater residence time. This talk provides an overview of the work to date and preliminary findings based on the evaluation of the data collected.