Northeastern Section - 54th Annual Meeting - 2019

Paper No. 37-12
Presentation Time: 5:10 PM


KOFFMAN, Bess, Geology, Colby College, 5809 Mayflower Hill Dr., Waterville, ME 04901, GOLDSTEIN, Steven L., Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, and Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, NY 10964, KAPLAN, Michael R., LDEO, Columbia University, Palisades, NY 10964, WINCKLER, Gisela, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Route 9W, Palisades, NY NY 10964, KREUTZ, Karl J., School of Earth and Climate Sciences, University of Maine, 5790 Bryand Global Sciences Center, Orono, ME 04469, BORY, Aloys, Sciences de la Terre, Universite des Sciences et Technologies de Lille 1, Lille, France and BISCAYE, Pierre E., Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, NY 10964

Dust provenance information from Antarctic ice cores has until now been limited to sites in East Antarctica. Here we present some of the first provenance data from West Antarctica. We use Sr-Nd isotopes to characterize dust extracted from late Holocene ice (~1000-1800 C.E.) from the Siple Dome ice core. The data form a tight array in Sr-Nd isotope space, with 87Sr/86Sr ranging between ~0.7087 and 0.7102, and εNd ranging between ~ -7 and -16. This combination is unique for Antarctica, with low Nd and low Sr isotope ratios compared to high-elevation East Antarctic sites, requiring a dust source from ancient (Archean to early Proterozoic) highly metamorphosed continental crust, which mixes with young volcanic material. Both components are likely sourced from Antarctica. We also observe significant, systematic variability in Sr and Nd isotopic signatures through time, reflecting changes in the mixing ratio of these sources, and hypothesize that these changes are driven by shifts in circulation patterns. A large change occurs over about 10 years at ca. 1125 C.E. (ΔεNd = +3 and Δ87Sr/86Sr = -0.0014). This shift coincides with changes in climate proxies in Southern Hemisphere paleoclimate records reflecting variability in the Southern Hemisphere westerly winds. We therefore interpret the shift in dust provenance at Siple Dome to be related to larger-scale circulation changes. In general, the observed shifts in the particle source signatures indicate that dust transport pathways to and around the West Antarctic Ice Sheet are highly responsive to perturbations in atmospheric circulation, and can record rapid shifts in provenance.