POLY-DEFORMATIONAL GEOLOGICAL HISTORY BETWEEN COLCHESTER AND SOUTH SALEM, CONNECTICUT: DOCUMENTING THE MID-CRUSTAL STRUCTURE NORTH AND SOUTH OF THE HONEY HILL FAULT ZONE
Outcrops along Route 11, from north to south, comprise rusty quartz-muscovite Brimfield schists, grey biotite-garnet-sillimanite schists, pegmatite boudin-rich quartzite, hornblende-biotite gneiss, feldspar augen-rich granodioritic orthogneiss, and dioritic-gabbroic orthogneiss and amphibolite. The northern half of the transect consists of a major recumbent south-vergent antiform; this interpretation is new and supported by minor fold asymmetries and lithological repetition. Cutting the southern overturned limb of the antiform are top-to-the-north low-angle extensional shear zones with spectacular kinematic indicators including macro-and micro-scale S-C fabrics, extensional shear bands, rotated objects and amphibole fish. Micas from shear zone tectonites are currently being processed for Ar-Ar ages. The core zone of the Honey Hill Fault is not exposed nor is there much outcrop evidence for it. The entire transect is dominated by NW-SE shortening and vertical flattening overprinted by sub-horizontal extensional structures of both a ductile and brittle nature, and younger high-angle brittle normal faults. The highway road cuts reveal world-class examples of boudinage, folds and fabrics typical of mid-crustal polyphase deformation.