LOOK AT YOUR ROCK: USING DETAILED PETROGRAPHY TO GROUNDTRUTH THERMODYNAMIC MODELING IN THE WEPAWAUG SCHIST, THE MIDDLETOWN FORMATION, AND BEYOND
With this in mind, two examples from Connecticut are discussed. The first locale is the Wepawaug Schist in the Orange-Milford belt where both disequilibrium cleavage textures (Growden et al. 2013) and extensive fluid infiltration (Ague 2002) are observed. The metacarbonate layers are composed of an ankerite-albite zone, a biotite zone, a Ca-amphibole zone, and a Diospide zone, from lowest to highest-grade (e.g. Hewitt 1973). Closed-system pseudosection models completely fail to reproduce the observed mineral assemblages, while pseudosections accounting for aqueous fluid infiltration successfully reproduce mineral assemblages and compositions. Remarkably, closed-system models underestimate the evolution of metamorphic carbon-dioxide by more than 500%. By accounting for fluid infiltration-driven decarbonation, Stewart & Ague (2018) estimate a regional carbon-dioxide flux that may have been sufficient to perturb climate in the mid- to late- Devonian.
To the northeast, amphibolites of the Middletown formation in the Bronson Hill terrane exhibit dramatic disequilibrium textures. Within the foliation, bands of tremolite + albite appear to crosscut the assemblage pargasite + garnet. Both amphiboles and garnets exhibit distinct chemical zonation. Preliminary modeling suggests that the two different assemblages did not form at the same P-T conditions and that each represents a local equilibrium at a scale of less than ~1 cm.