PORPHYROBLAST-MATRIX RELATIONS IN WESTERN CONNECTICUT: INCLUSION TRAILS AND STRAIN-SHADOW TAILS
Forty thin sections were produced from 25 selected specimens. Thin sections were cut according to fabrics as mutually perpendicular thin sections pairs (both mounted for down-dip observation), one parallel to the lineation, but perpendicular to the foliation, and the other perpendicular to both (X-Z and Y-Z planes, respectively). Data sets collected included overall mineral composition (point counts); the shape, geometry, and orientation of matrix fabrics (Se); porphyroblast shapes, sizes, and inclusion trail (Si) geometry, and Si/Se relations; and mineral content, shape, and size of porphyroblast strain-shadow tails. Twenty-two data sets were correlated.
There are strong trends in these data. Mica-quartz tails around porphyroblasts range in length dependent on porphyroblast size, from 1-18 mm. The tails are uniformly asymmetric and sigma-shaped, with 74% sinistral kinematics in all sections - 77% in X-Z sections and 60% in Y-Z sections. Porphyroblast inclusions are dominantly quartz and graphite. Inclusion trails are mostly straight but curve both at rim/core and grain boundares. Inclusion trail orientations (139 Si/Se measurements) are within 3 sets, all discerned by differing geometry and in clearly separate porphyroblast rims and core patterns. Most have Si/Se angles in the low 20°-CCW-rake range relative to the matrix foliation. Two other groups are ~10° CW rakes and ~40° CCW rakes. Data consistency, representing a wide geographic area, supports conclusions of at least 2 (or 3) separable dynamic events recorded by both individual rock porphyroblast-matrix relations, and across our specimen suite.