Rocky Mountain Section - 72nd Annual Meeting - 2020

Paper No. 7-8
Presentation Time: 8:30 AM-4:30 PM


GONZALEZ, Richard, Department of Geology, University of Texas at San Antonio, 1 UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249, D'EMIC, Michael D., Department of Biology, Adelphi University, Garden City, NY 11530, HOFFMANN, Simone, Department of Anatomy, New York Institute of Technology, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Old Westbury, NY 11568, ADAMS, Thomas L., Witte Museum, 3801 Broadway, San Antonio, TX 78209 and FOREMAN, Brady Z., Geology, Western Washington University, 516 High St, Bellingham, WA 98225

Coryphodon is an abundant large-bodied Paleogene mammal with a holarctic distribution. It is among the first mammalian megaherbivores to evolve. Based on tooth area, it has been inferred that Coryphodon underwent dwarfing during the Eocene, similar to many other mammalian lineages. In this analysis, the hypothesized presence of dwarfing in Coryphodon is tested using a larger sample size of teeth and mass estimates based on limb bone circumferences. The original inference of dwarfing in Coryphodon was based on a small fraction of its available fossil record, which comprises thousands of specimens. These specimens were usually surface collected opportunistically rather than quarried and mostly consist of just one or a few limb elements or teeth. In order to incorporate more of the Coryphodon fossil record into a study of its body size evolution, we developed a large dataset of skeletal elements (N > 1000 specimens), collected from the Bighorn Basin and various institutions and museums. Regression models were then utilized to predict the size of missing elements to better estimate body mass. We found that limb bone circumferences can be readily predicted from articular end size and vice versa, that limb bone circumferences scale tightly with one another, and that tooth area underestimates body mass in Coryphodon. These results will allow us to estimate body mass in a prodigious sample of Coryphodon, which, coupled with new intensive fieldwork, will allow us to examine its body size evolution in fine stratigraphic resolution through the multiple hyperthermal events of the Paleogene.