GSA Connects 2021 in Portland, Oregon

Paper No. 118-1
Presentation Time: 2:30 PM-6:30 PM


APEN, Francisco1, WALL, Corey J.2, COTTLE, John1, SCHMITZ, Mark D.2, KYLANDER-CLARK, Andrew R.C.1 and SEWARD, Gareth G.E.1, (1)Department of Earth Science, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, (2)Department of Geosciences, Boise State University, Boise, ID 83725

In situ apatite U-Pb petrochronology and Sr-Nd isotope geochemistry requires well-characterized and matrix-matched references materials (RMs). We determined the U-Pb, Sm-Nd, and Sr isotopic and elemental compositions of a suite of prospective apatite RMs using isotope dilution (ID) TIMS and laser ablation (LA) ICP-MS. The two RMs, from Morocco (MRC-1) and Brazil (BRZ-1), are cm-sized and available in significant quantities. The U-Pb ID-TIMS data yield an isochron age of 153.3 ± 0.2 Ma (2σ) for MRC-1. This age is consistent with laser ablation split stream ICP-MS (LASS) analyses that produce an isochron age of 152.7 ± 0.6 Ma. The weighted mean of ID-TIMS analyses for 143Nd/144Nd analyses is 0.512677 ± 3, for 147Sm/144Nd is 0.10923 ± 9, and for 87Sr/86Sr is 0.707691 ± 2. The range and mean of TIMS Sm-Nd isotopic data are reproducible by LA-ICP-MS, but laser ablation Sr data are consistently offset towards more radiogenic values. For BRZ-1 apatite, ID-TIMS U-Pb analyses are dispersed, but a subset of the data yields a coherent age intercept of 2078 ± 13 Ma. The vast majority of LASS spot transects across the apatite produce an isochron that define a younger age of 2038 ± 14 Ma, interpreted to reflect the incorporation of cryptic, younger domains within BRZ-1. Discordant U-Pb spot analyses are associated with chemically distinct cracks, likely a result of fluid infiltration. The weighted means of ID-TIMS analyses of BRZ-1 yield 143Nd/144Nd=0.510989 ± 5, 147Sm/144Nd=0.10152 ± 8, and 87Sr/86Sr=0.709188 ± 3. The distribution of Nd isotopic compositions of this RM measured by LA-MC-ICP-MS analyses are comparable to TIMS analyses. By contrast, 87Sr/86Sr measurements by LA-ICP-MS are inaccurate and exhibit large uncertainties, but this RM can be useful for empirically correcting in situ 87Sr/86Sr measurements. The data indicate that MRC-1 apatite may serve well as a U-Pb, Sm-Nd, and Sr RM, whereas BRZ-1 apatite has the most potential as a Sm-Nd RM for future studies seeking to exploit apatite as a petrochronometer and isotope tracer of petrogenesis.