SEARCHING FOR THERMAL INFRARED SPECTRAL VARIABILITY ON ASTEROID BENNU USING FACTOR ANALYSIS AND TARGET TRANSFORMATION (Invited Presentation)
In this presentation I discuss the application of FATT to thermal infrared spectral data collected at the asteroid Bennu by the OSIRIS-REx Thermal Emission Spectrometer (OTES). Based on visual inspection and simple spectral indices, two end-member spectral shapes have been identified on the surface of Bennu in OTES global mapping data (40 m/spot) [Hamilton et al., 2021]. The difference between these two spectral shapes is attributed primarily to the relative abundance of a fine particulate component within the field of view rather than compositional variation. All variations at this spatial scale appear to be explainable, for the most part, as linear mixtures of these two components. However, based on albedo variability observed at much smaller spatial scales (cm to m) in visible images, it is plausible that there is more than one lithology present on Bennu. Along with additional data acquired by OTES during reconnaissance mapping, sample collection rehearsals, and the sample collection event, which offer increasingly greater spatial resolution (to decimeter scales), FATT may enable the detection of compositional variation not yet detected by other methods.