THE DIVERSIFICATION OF CORDILLERAN ARC MELTS IN THE DEEP CRUST OF FIORDLAND, NEW ZEALAND
Microbeam geochemical data were collected from igneous clinopyroxenes and amphiboles from the Inboard Median batholith including the lower crust (Misty and Malaspina Plutons) and the middle crust (Puteketeke Pluton). Clinopyroxenes and amphiboles in the lower crust crystallized at 1050-850ºC and ca. 1.1-0.8 GPa. Chemometry calculations indicate that amphiboles were in equilibrium with fractionated andesites and dacites (SiO2 = 56-66 and MgO = 0.5-2.0 wt. %; Mg#s = 25-35). Calculated melt compositions derived from partition coefficients are bimodal and include a trace-element enriched group (Zr >35 ppm) and a trace-element depleted group (Zr <35 ppm). Both melt groups have flat heavy-rare-earth element patterns, low Sr/Y (<40) and low DyN/YbN (<2.0), which are inconsistent with garnet control but indicate fractionation of amphibole + plagioclase ± clinopyroxene.
In the middle crust, amphiboles crystallized at 825-800ºC and 0.7-0.6 GPa. Calculated melts were dacitic to rhyolitic (SiO2 = 67-75 and MgO <0.5 wt. %; Mg#s <25) and similar to depleted melts in the lower crust (Zr <35 ppm). Most analyses display flat heavy-rare-earth element patterns and low DyN/YbN (<2.0), though some melts have Sr/Y values up to 400. The lack of correlation between Sr/Y and DyN/YbN precludes garnet control and suggests that melt diversification was controlled by amphibole fractionation. We conclude that bulk-rocks in the middle and lower crust of Fiordland reflect crystal accumulation of plagioclase and amphibole, and they are poor proxies for original melt compositions. Our data do not support the production of a voluminous garnet-bearing residue and suggest that the use of high-Sr/Y values as an indicator of garnet in the lower crust requires re-evaluation.