SPATIOTEMPORAL GEOCHEMICAL PATTERNS RECORD CONSTRUCTION OF A PRIMED, TRANSCRUSTAL MAGMA PLUMBING SYSTEM IN THE CRETACEOUS CENTRAL SIERRA NEVADA
To deconstruct spatial and temporal geochemical patterns, we compiled age-constrained geochemical bulk rock data (n= 1816 samples) across Mesozoic plutonic, hypabyssal, and volcanic rocks in the central Sierra Nevada (CSN), eastern CA, of which ~6150km2 (52% of area, ) was emplaced during Cretaceous eastward arc migration, flare-up, focusing, and crustal thickening. Cretaceous signals were compared to Jurassic and Triassic flare-up signals that currently lack evidence for migration, focusing, or significant thickening.
Age-corrected isotopic trends in Cretaceous arc rocks during eastward arc migration are compatible with inheritance of known basement across an oceanic-continental transition; these signals are consistent throughout the Mesozoic CSN . Second-order temporal patterns overprinted on this spatial trend show distinct values during Cretaceous arc activity relative to earlier Triassic and Jurassic flare-ups, including elevated and increased range of Sr/Y and Dy/Yb values, lower Zr/Hf, and higher Rb/Sr values. Together with the restricted range of 87Sr/86Sri,and ƐNd whole-rock isotope values by ca. 85 Ma, this hints at a greater extent of magma differentiation and mixing in the Cretaceous magmatic system. An unresolved spatiotemporal signal is the decoupling of evolved Sr and Nd isotope trends from Pb, O, and Hf juvenile trends at ca. 115 Ma.
In the magmatically distinct Cretaceous arc, dynamic processes occurring throughout the arc column effectively primed the arc lithosphere. This resulted in magma addition rates 6-12 times larger than previous arc flare-ups in the CSN . Dynamic arc behavior has a measurable, secondary influence on the geochemical signals of arc rocks, where spatial and temporal histories can be unraveled.
 Paterson et al. (2021). GSA abstract 10.1130/abs/2021CD-363243  Kistler (1990). GSA Mem. 174:271-282