OCCURRENCE OF FIBS (FECAL INDICATOR BACTERIA) IN THE FLUSHING BAY, NEW YORK CITY
Of all fecal indicator bacterial contamination, one that draws our attention is Fecal Coliform (FC) bacteria. In the historical data the samples were taken from 5 different sites at Flushing Bay which are E6, E15, FB1, FLC1, and FLC2. Parameters that are being compared with FC bacteria in the existing data include Nitrate/Nitrite, Ortho-Phosphate, Ammonium, Dissolved oxygen, ORP, and Temperature. One of the chemical parameters that correlates with microbial growth is nitrate. Based on the data when the nitrate level gets above 0.1 ppm there is an increase in the microbial (fecal indicator bacteria) occurrence. Similarly the majority of the microbes were seen between 0.1 ppm to 1 ppm for both the O-Phosphate as well as the Ammonium. With such an increase in microbial growth the dissolved oxygen level was consistently get decreased. FC occurrence was found to be maximum when the temperature was warmer around 20 to 25oC. This trend is consistent with increased microbial growth during warmer weather when most of the anthropogenic activities occur. All the parameters connect one way or another leading to overall poor water quality in Flushing Bay and with such unregulated water draining into the bay it clearly poses a threat to aquatic life and public health.