Joint 118th Annual Cordilleran/72nd Annual Rocky Mountain Section Meeting - 2022

Paper No. 34-9
Presentation Time: 10:55 AM


CALVO-RATHERT, Manuel1, CARRANCHO, Angel2, MORALES, Juan3, PEREZ-RODRIGUEZ, Nayeli3, LEBEDEV, V.A.4, CACCAVARI, Ana5, VEGAS, Nestor6 and GOGICHAISHVILI, Avto7, (1)Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Burgos, Av. de Cantabria, s/n, Burgos, 09006, Spain, (2)Departamento de Historia, Geografia y Comunicacion, Universidad de Burgos, Plaza Misael Bañuelos, s/n, Burgos, 09001, Spain, (3)Laboratorio Interinstitucional de Magnetismo Natural - Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Morelia, Mexico, (4)Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Staromonetny lane, 35, Moscow, 119017, Russian Federation, (5)Instituto de Geofísica, Unversidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, 04150, Mexico, (6)Departamento de Geodinamica, Universidad del País Vasco, Leioa, 48940, Spain, (7)Laboratorio Interinstitucional de Magnetismo Natural, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Morelia, Mexico

We report results obtained in a paleomagnetic and paleointensity study carried out on an upper Miocene lava flow sequence in São Vicente island (Cape Verde) consisting of eleven nephelinitic flows. We have also performed a K-Ar age determination on the lowermost flow of the sequence, which yielded an age of 6.07 ± 0.16 (2σ) Ma. Paleomagnetic analysis showed that all flows record a normal polarity magnetisation, a result which allowed to narrow the age of the sequence to an interval between 6.03 and 6.23 Ma.

Reliable paleomagnetic results could be obtained in all eleven flows. If the mean paleomagnetic direction of the sequence is compared with the expected one, which was obtained from the African Apparent Polar Wander Path, it can be observed that the paleodeclination of the sequence is westwardly deviated by 26.5° ± 2.9°, but inclinations approximately agree. A possible explanation of these observations could be a vertical-axis counterclockwise rotation, although the effect of non-averaged secular variation cannot be discarded. Analysis of paleosecular variation shows virtually no scatter of virtual geomagnetic poles around their mean value. Comparison of the scatter of paleomagnetic directions in the present study with the scatter observed in directions obtained from geomagnetic field model SHA.DIF.14k suggests that the sequence was emplaced in only a few centuries.

Paleointensity determinations were carried out with two different methods: Thellier-Coe paleointensity experiments on 66 specimens yielded 22 successful determinations and multispecimen paleointensity experiments on 11 samples yielded 8 successful determinations. A mean paleointensity F = (18.5 ± 1.9) µT was obtained from the joint analysis of the results from both methods. This result lies clearly below the present-day value FP = 33.1 mT.