IT’S ALL ABOUT PERSPECTIVE: USING NON-TRADITIONAL VORTICITY REFERENCE FRAMES TO VIEW QUARTZ CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC PREFERRED ORIENTATIONS
We use microstructural analysis via Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD) on three samples from the southernmost section of the Grebe Shear Zone (GSZ), a Cretaceous, intra-arc, transpressional shear zone located in Fiordland, New Zealand, where U-Pb zircon dates from these samples constrain fabric development over 114.9-122.2 Ma. In all three samples we observe an apparent discrepancy in inferred deformation temperatures, where microstructural fabrics show quartz DRX via grain boundary migration, but quartz c-axis CPO plots are consistent with the dominance of basal <a> slip. These two observations conventionally indicate deformation temperatures of 500-600ºC and 350-450ºC, respectively. Crystallographic Vorticity Axis (CVA) analysis in all three samples shows that the bulk vorticity axis is parallel to lineation, but when we view the CVA data in single-phase plots, we observe that the quartz vorticity axis plots show a triclinic geometry where the vorticity axes are oblique to both the lineation and the foliation plane.
We present evidence that suggests conventional methods of showing quartz c-axis CPO plots can lead to misinterpretation of slip systems and their inferred temperature conditions when the bulk vorticity axis does not the same geometry as the quartz vorticity axis. We additionally show new procedures to rotate CPO plots into the correct vorticity-normal reference frame for samples deformed under triclinic transpression.