Joint 56th Annual North-Central/ 71st Annual Southeastern Section Meeting - 2022

Paper No. 8-2
Presentation Time: 8:20 AM


GREB, Stephen, Kentucky Geological Survey, University of Kentucky, 228 Mining and Mineral Resources Building, Lexington, KY 40506-0107, LEETARU, Hannes E., Illinois State Geological Survey, 615 E. Peabody Drive, Champaign, IL 61820, KELLEY, Mark, Battelle Memorial Institute, 505 King Ave., Columbus, OH 43201, CARTER, Kristin, PA Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Bureau of Topographic and Geologic Survey, 400 Waterfront Drive, Pittsburgh, PA 15222-4745, CLARK, Ryan, Iowa Geological Survey, IIHR - Hydroscience & Engineering, 300 Trowbridge Hall, Iowa City, IA 52242, DINTERMAN, Philip, West Virginia Geological Survey Oil and Gas Program, 1 Mont Chateau Rd, Morgantown, WV 26508-8079, HARRISON, William, Michigan Geological Survey, 5272 W. Michigan Ave., Kalamazoo, MI 49009 and WAID, Christopher, Division of Geological Survey, Ohio Department of Natural Resources, 2045 Morse Rd., Columbus, OH 43229

Carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) systems are defined for the basin and arches regions of the Midwest and eastern United States for the Midwest Regional Carbon Initiative (MRCI). MRCI is a U.S. Department of Energy-sponsored project. CCUS systems are defined like regional hydrogeologic units and are analogous to petroleum systems, except that the source rocks of petroleum systems are generally seals in CCUS systems. CCUS systems are intervals of bedrock more than 2,600 ft deep, capped by regionally extensive, low-permeability confining units. Each may include one or more reservoirs and caprocks (seals). Three carbon storage systems are defined for the region. The Mount Simon-Lamotte system, extends from the base of the Mount Simon-Lamotte Sandstone to the top of the Eau Claire-Bonneterre Formation. The system is defined where shales in the Eau Claire-Bonneterre are thick enough to serve as regional confining intervals for underlying sandstones. East of the Grenville Front and in areas where the Eau Claire and equivalent strata do not contain thick shales, Lower to Middle Cambrian reservoirs are included in the Cambrian-Ordovician carbon storage system. This system extends up to low-permeability shales in the Maquoketa, Kope, Utica, and equivalent Upper Ordovician units. It is divided into sub-Knox, Knox (and equivalent), and Middle-Upper Ordovician subsystems. The third carbon storage system is the Silurian-Mississippian system. This system contains most of the region’s oil and gas reservoirs, so has the most opportunity for enhanced oil and gas recovery with CO2. The Silurian-Mississippian carbon storage system is subdivided into Silurian, Lower-Middle Devonian, Middle-Upper Devonian and Mississippian subsystems in different areas.