Joint 56th Annual North-Central/ 71st Annual Southeastern Section Meeting - 2022

Paper No. 25-13
Presentation Time: 11:30 AM


ADEYILOLA, Adedoyin1, ZAKHAROVA, Natalia1, HARRISON III, William B.2 and GENTZIS, Thomas3, (1)Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI 48859, (2)Michigan Geological Survey, Western Michigan University, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI 49008, (3)Reservoir Geology Group, Core Laboratories, Houston, TX 77040

The Devonian Antrim Shale is an unconventional biogenic gas accumulation with a technical recoverable resource of 19.9 Tcf. However, major knowledge gaps remain regarding understanding of the source rock potential, organic facies assemblages and paleo-depositional conditions of the Antrim Shale members. This work utilized Rock-Eval pyrolysis, reflected light microscopy, solid bitumen reflectance and trace element distribution to evaluate the source rock quality, organo-facies assemblages, thermal maturity and deposition setting of the Antrim Shale members at three different localities in the Michigan Basin. Results showed that the Lachine and Norwood members are richer in organic matter (up to 24 wt%) than the Upper and Paxton members (< 8 wt%). Organic matter is mainly dominated by marine Type II kerogen in the black shales of the Lachine and Norwood members, and by Type II and Type II/III in the Paxton Member. Telalginite, which is represented mainly by Tasmanites and Leiosphaeridia cysts, is the dominant organic matter in the black shale members where they account for about two-thirds of the organic matter composition. Solid bitumen, which accounts for less than one-third of the organic matter composition, is second after alginite. Both alginite and solid bitumen populations decline in abundance progressively in the Upper and Paxton members at the expense of inertinite and vitrinite. The dominant organofacies groups in the studied Antrim Shale members can be assigned to the BP type B and type D/E. Organic matter maturity determined from Rock-Eval Tmax and bitumen reflectance varies from immature to marginally mature across the Michigan Basin. The results confirmed that sediment burial depth and lateral position in the basin controlled organic facies assemblages within the Antrim Shale members.