|XVI INQUA Congress|
|Paper No. 93-1|
|Presentation Time: 1:30 PM-4:30 PM|
SEA LEVEL CHANGES: OBSERVATIONS VERSUS MODELS
MÍRNER, Nils-Axel, Paleogeophysics & Geodynamics, Stockholm Univ, Stockholm S-10691 Sweden, firstname.lastname@example.org.|
Sea level rose for glacial eustatic reasons up to about 5000 BP. After that, global sea level has been dominated by the redistribution of ocean water masses (and by that ocean-stored heat). This redistribution of water masses is driven by the interchange of angular momentum between the solid earth and the hydrosphere (in feedback coupling) primarily expressed as changes in the oceanic surface current systems. In view of this, there has been very hard to define any global eustatic signal. This is where and why a dialectic between models and observations enter the sea level debate. According to the glacial loading models, global sea level is now rising by 2.4 mm/year or 1.8 mm/year. The IPCC models have hypothesised of a very rapid rise in the near future, ranging for original wild estimates of 1-3 m in a century to the presently advocated value of 47 +37 mm in a century. The INQUA Commission on Sea Level Changes and Coastal Evolution (www.pog.su.se/sea) hosts the true world specialists on sea level research. This commission has presented an observationally based analysis of the present sea level changes and the changes to be expected in the next century. Both the glacial loading models and the ICPP scenarios are strongly contradicted by observational data for the last 100-150 years that cannot have exceeded a mean rate of 1.0-1.1 mm/year. In the last 300 years, sea level has been oscillation close to the present with peak rates in the period 1890-1930. Sea level fell between 1930 and 1950. The late 20th century lacks any sign of acceleration. Satellite altimetry indicates virtually no changes in the last decade. Therefore, observationally based predictions of future sea level in the year 2100 will give a value of +10 +10 cm (or +5 +15 cm), by this discarding model out-puts by IPCC as well as global loading models. In conclusions, there are firm observationally based reasons to free the world from the condemnation to become extensively flooded in the 21st century AD.
XVI INQUA Congress
General Information for this Meeting
|Session No. 93--Booth# 75|
Holocene Sea Level Changes, Coastal Evolution and Future Prospects (Posters)
Reno Hilton Resort and Conference Center: Pavilion
1:30 PM-4:30 PM, Wednesday, July 30, 2003
Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, , p. 239
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