GEOLOGISTS ELECTED FELLOWS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF CANADA, 1883-1932
All the geological fellows were born in the nineteenth century. They were immigrants from Britain (mainly Scotland or Northern Ireland, so from a Presbyterian or dissenting Protestant rather than an Anglican or Catholic background); or they were sons or grandsons of such immigrants; or they were sons or grandsons of Loyalists, or Americans who immigrated to Canada to obtain land not many years after the revolution. Most were employed by the Geological Survey of Canada, and many were lifelong employees. Those academics who lacked this experience were mostly appointed before the GSC was well-established (L. W. Bailey, J. W. Dawson, E. J. Chapman, G.F. Matthew). After 1910, R. W. Brock insisted that geologists appointed full-time by GSC should earn a doctorate, and made this possible by facilitating the field work that was the main basis for most doctorate degrees. Most fellows were from Ontario (29), and Quebec (15, mostly from Montreal or anglophone communities). Most fellows had a university degree, generally from McGill (12), Toronto (15), or Queens (13). Other Canadian universities included Acadia (3), Royal Military College (2), Manitoba (2), and UBC, UNB, Laval, Kings College NS, and Dalhousie (one each). 4 fellows obtained Canadian doctorates, including: Parks (Toronto, 1900) and Bancroft (Ph.D., McGill, 1910). 29 obtained doctorates in the US (12 from Yale), and 7 in Germany: several others studied in these two countries without obtaining a higher degree.