SOIL WATER SOURCES FOR NON-NATIVE SPECIES JAPANESE KNOTWEED, PHRAGMITES AND MULTIFLORA ROSE
Samples were collected in the early, middle and late summer 2014 from two sites in northern New Jersey where the three non-native plant species grow together. Sampled material included plant stems, roots, river water, and soil at multiple depths in the profile. The chosen depths were 1.5 cm, 10 cm, 29 cm and 70 cm where available. Rain water was also sampled over the course of the field season. All samples were analyzed for δ2HVSMOW and δ18OVSMOW. Several mixing models, including IsoSource software, were used to calculate the proportions of plant tissue water coming from each of the soil depths. Preliminary results suggest that Japanese Knotweed transpired water from shallow soil in the early summer, and accessed increasingly deeper sources later in the season. Phragmites used primarily shallow soil water throughout the summer, with an exception being dry periods during which shallow water is unavailable. Multiflora rose sourced water from shallow soil in May and from increasingly deeper depths in later months, similarly to Japanese knotweed. Results of this research are also useful for finding the effect that these plant species have on freshwater that would normally enter New Jersey’s reservoir system.