AN EQUATORIAL EXCURSION OF THE ITCZ DURING TERMINATION II IN THE CEP
Previous work has constrained the ITCZ changes between the Holocene and the LGM in the CEP confirming that it is possible to use radiogenic isotopes of Pb and Nd to adequately distinguish between potential sources of dust to the central Pacific Ocean, to trace the extend of Asian loess dust into the CEP, and to examine the changes of the ITCZ during ice age climate transitions.
Here we address changes in dust provenance, and the response of the paleo-ITCZ to glacial-interglacial transitions around the penultimate termination (150 to 110 ka), with the necessary spatial and temporal resolution to see dust provenance changes during TII. A 3-εNd-unit shift in Nd isotope ratios in core 17PC (at 0.48° N) suggests a southern transgression of the ITCZ across the equator during TII. Following the termination, early in Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage (MIS) 5, there is an increase in southern-hemisphere-sourced dust, which suggests a northward migration of the ITCZ towards about 7° N. This work allows us to compare the behavior of the ITCZ between the LGM/Holocene and penultimate terminations.