HOW TO WRITE A LITERATURE REVIEW ARTICLE FOR JGE: KEY STRATEGIES FOR A SUCCESSFUL PUBLICATION
While the nature of literature review articles can provide considerable flexibility to the authors, effective reviews both within and beyond geoscience education research meet the current JGE review criteria and incorporate a thesis question, review methods and time frame, analysis, and conclusions and recommendations. For example, thesis questions could be motivated by a need to bridge a topic in geoscience education with findings from another discipline (e.g. cognitive science) or a need to make sense of the literature in a particular area within geoscience education (e.g. systems thinking). Methods could be deductive (e.g. using an existing theoretical framework to classify articles) or inductive (e.g. open coding and theme development). Rigorous analysis can result in findings that illuminate changes in methodological approaches over time, provide a decision-making guide for practitioners, or highlight gaps in the research.
Drawing on our collective experience in authoring, reviewing, and editing literature review articles for JGE, we provide recommendations and strategies for potential authors. Additionally, we describe the different roles research team members can play, and we discuss effective approaches to managing the varying tasks necessary to conduct a systematic review. Finally, we use research themes in A Community Framework for Geoscience Education Research to illustrate the process of developing a literature review article and the variety of potential reasons for and approaches to conducting systematic reviews.