Cordilleran Section - 115th Annual Meeting - 2019

Paper No. 40-16
Presentation Time: 9:00 AM-3:30 PM


SADOWSKI, Andrew J.1, KELLER, William E.1, POLENZ, Michael1, LAU, Todd2, CAKIR, Recep2, NESBITT, Elizabeth A.3, TEPPER, Jeffrey H.4, DUFRANE, S. Andrew5 and LEGORRETA PAULIN, Gabriel6, (1)Washington Department of Natural Resources, Washington Geological Survey, 1111 Washington St SE, MS 47007, Olympia, WA 98501, (2)Washington Department of Natural Resources, Washington Geological Survey, 1111 Washington St SE, Olympia, WA 98504-7007, (3)University of Washington, Burke Museum, P.O. Box 353010, Seattle, WA 98195, (4)Geology Department, University of Puget Sound, 1500 N. Warner #1048, Tacoma, WA 98416, (5)Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, 1-26 Earth Science Building, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E3, Canada, (6)Instituto de Geografía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico, Ciudad Universitaria, Del Coyoacán, Mexico, 04510, Mexico

New 1:24,000-scale geologic mapping of the Centralia quadrangle focuses on improving geologic understanding of a populated area affected by natural hazards. Critical among these are potential seismic hazards related to the Doty–Salzer Creek fault system, which may pose a hazard to a proposed flood retention dam near Pe Ell, WA.

New mapping and geophysical data build on previous work by characterizing geologic structures in greater detail, refining fault locations, and updating structural interpretations. Northwest- and west-striking oblique faults in the quadrangle may be capable of producing damaging earthquakes and may be responding to a local transpressive stress regime. Newly acquired gravity, ground magnetic, and passive seismic geophysical data constrain the locations of several concealed fault strands, and strongly suggest a structural high—the Lincoln Creek uplift—underlies the Chehalis River valley from Chehalis to Fords Prairie, WA.

Radiometric dating (U-Pb) of detrital zircons also refines the stratigraphic framework for southwest Washington. Analyses reveal new maximum depositional ages for the base and middle of the Lincoln Creek Formation (36.70±0.32 Ma and 30.58±0.35 Ma, respectively), the previously unrecognized Wilkes Formation (8.57±0.92 Ma and 7.54±1.04 Ma), and the Logan Hill Formation (1.68±0.97 Ma youngest age).

Numerous previously unrecognized landslides are identified from lidar and field mapping. The lower contact of the early Pleistocene Logan Hill Formation is commonly concealed by landslides, which suggests that the base of this formation may form a slide plane for landslides and may warrant future geotechnical work.

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