Cordilleran Section - 115th Annual Meeting - 2019

Paper No. 15-3
Presentation Time: 2:10 PM


MAZZONE, Sarina1, GONTZ, Allen1, KELLY, Joshua T.2, TIBBY, John3, BARR, Cameron3 and MARSHALL, Jonathan4, (1)Department of Geological Sciences, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Dr., San Diego, CA 92182, (2)Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093; Department of Geological Sciences, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Dr., San Diego, CA 92182, (3)Department of Geography, Environment and Population, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia, (4)Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University, Nathan, QLD 4111, Australia; Queensland Department of Environment and Science, GPO Box 2454, Brisbane, QLD 4001, Australia

Lakes have a great capacity to hold records of climate archived in various sedimentary proxies. Coring is the primary method used to access the sedimentary archive layers to assess paleoclimates. These methods rely on proxies related to microfossils, macrofossils, isotopic composition and sedimentary changes that relate to specific environmental conditions. The use of proxies is constrained by preservation potential and ability of proxies to record environmental changes of interest. However, the recorded changes rarely reflect lake levels. Imaging the architecture of lake fill sediments provides a direct measurement of lake levels through the lifespan of the basin. In small, shallow lakes, ground penetrating radar (GPR) has been utilized to assess sediment thickness and paleoshorelines related former lake surfaces. While GPR alone can not answer the questions related to changes in paleoclimate, adding stratigraphic context to core locations and direct observation of lake levels can be a crucial component of understanding.

North Stradbroke Island, the second largest sand island in the world, hosts former dune complexes that have been proposed to exceed 800 kybp. The sedimentary architecture, former soil horizons and well sorted sands provide the necessary conditions for lacustrine environments coupled with the local climate in the subtropics which fosters stabilization of aeolian systems and persistence of lakes. Numerous lakes and wetlands on the island have been studied using the coring and proxy methods for reconstructing paleoclimate.

One lake, Swallow Lagoon, was recently cored and provided a 4.8 m continuous record. A sample at the base of the core was dated to 11.5 kybp. Swallow Lagoon in a small, roughly 3800 m2 with a depth of > 2 m during the time of survey. Ongoing research is examining the sedimentary records for environmental proxies. To supplement these records, a series of high-resolution GPR profiles were acquired along the shore and over the lake. The data showed a lake-fill sequence in excess of the 4.8 m core collected. Changes to lake levels were observed as paleoshoreline complexes above and below the current level. Additionally, high-intensity reflections, interpreted as sand rich layers might show evidence of dune field reactivation or periods of drought with very low lake levels.