Southeastern Section - 68th Annual Meeting - 2019

Paper No. 8-1
Presentation Time: 8:00 AM-12:00 PM


TURKES, Ozan1, LEE, Ming-Kuo2, MONCADA VIVAS, Jorge Antonio3 and CARRERO MARQUEZ, Carlos3, (1)Department of Geosciences, Auburn University, Beard Eaves Memorial Coliseum No:2077, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36840, (2)Department of Geosciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, (3)Department of Chemical Engineering, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36840

Deep saline aquifers have been explored for CO2 sequestration in order to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. This sequestration practice involves the injection of a CO2 steam into high porosity and permeability reservoir, contained by one or more overlying low permeability formations that function as a seal. In field conditions CO2 is less dense than the formation fluids, thus it rises to the base of the seal and reacts with the caprocks. In order to understand the feasibility of a sequestration in deep saline aquifers the impermeable caprock formation and its interactions with CO2 should be investigated. It is known that CO2 could decrease the pH of the formation fluids , potentially driving fluid-rock interaction and CO2 leakage. In this study, X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Raman Spectroscopy are used to assess the mineralogical changes in shale formation. Raman Spectroscopy is particularly useful in terms of identifying both organic and inorganic phases. XRD is employed to determine the changes in mineralogical contents after the interaction with CO2. The Conasauga Shale from the Black Warrior Basin, which contains Quartz, Calcite, Dolomite, Albite, Illite, Chlorite and Pyrite minerals, was used in the experiments. Powdered shale samples were reacted with pure gaseous CO2, pure gaseous CH4 are used to assess chemical interactions. In order to mimic the field condition temperatures of 80-100-120-140-160 °C are used separately. Calcite was the mineral which changes was observed through time. Minimum of 8 hours of reaction time is used to assess the mineralogical changes in shale samples. Changes in the Raman spectroscopy which are taken in certain intervals in 8 hours are used to see how mineralogy and organics changed in the powdered shale.