GSA Connects 2022 meeting in Denver, Colorado

Paper No. 169-25
Presentation Time: 9:00 AM-1:00 PM


DEEN, Joshua, Boone Pickens School of Geology, Oklahoma State University, 105 Noble Research Center, Stillwater, OK 74078, ARCHONTIKIS, Odysseas, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford, 3 S Parks Rd, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3AN, United Kingdom and BURKETT, Ashley, Boone Pickens School of Geology, Oklahoma State University, 105 Noble Research Center, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078

Samples from IODP Expedition 344 were collected to be processed for combined calcareous nannofossil and foraminiferal analyses over the Mid-Pleistocene Transition (MPT; which occurred between 1.25–0.7 million years ago), . The samples from Site U1414, in the equatorial region off Costa Rica, contain excellent benthic foraminifera commonly associated with the mid-Pleistocene extinction event (Stilostomella Extinction Event referred to as SEE). The SEE includes >50 morphospecies and is well documented in DSDP and ODP sites (Hayward, 2002), especially in the Southwest Pacific Ocean. The Stilostomella group has been noted to decline in abundance and diversity in the late Pliocene with greater extinction rates having been documented between 0.7 and 1.2 Ma. The onset and duration of SEE events from the equatorial regions is only recorded at a couple of locations and comparisons of these and our study may provide a better understanding of the causes and impacts of the most recent benthic foraminifera extinction.

Here, we present foraminiferal ecology data and abundances throughout the MPT. Well preserved specimens from these samples are used for stable carbon isotopic geochemistry. To determine microhabitat preferences of benthic foraminifera and assess their morphology and calcification with MicroCT scanning. These results will also be compared to initial investigations of calcareous nannofossil assemblages and carbonate production estimates. The findings of this project will provide initial observations and insights into the conditions prevailing at the equatorial region of the Southwestern Pacific during the MPT.